Saving Costa Rica’s Greatest Wildlands

  1. Osa Conservation
  2. >
  3. About the Osa
  4. >
  5. Conservation Challenges

Conservation Challenges

“If you had to name the most important conservation unit in Central America, Osa would be it.”

–Adrian Forsyth, renowned tropical ecologist and natural history writer

Rainforests and wetlands are the fastest disappearing habitats on earth. They are also the areas of the globe that contain the most biological diversity. Costa Rica has earned a global reputation for environmental protection, yet rapid tourism growth, unregulated development, and global demand for natural resources are altering the marine and terrestrial landscapes of  the country. Areas as biologically rich as the Osa Peninsula are often the first places to be exploited and as a result, face significant conservation challenges. Luckily, remoteness and an important network of protected areas have allowed much of Osa’s landscape to remain intact or recuperate from prior degradation.

challenges to rainforest protection
Much of the peninsula is protected by Corcovado National Park, yet it remains under threat. While parks are vital to biodiversity conservation, they are often not sufficient to sustain viable wildlife populations and ecosystems. It is critical that private lands connecting national parks and protected areas are properly managed and restored to provide habitat continuity for keystone species like jaguar and peccary.

In addition to magnificent rainforests and invaluable wetlands, the watersheds and coastal-marine habitats around Osa’s Golfo Dulce support abundant wildlife and provide economic opportunities for local communities whose livelihoods depend upon the health of these ecosystems. Protecting the Osa’s natural treasures is a necessary first step in sustaining both people and nature in this important region.

Osa at a Crossroads

The Osa Peninsula is under increasing pressure from proposed national transportation and hydroelectric infrastructure projects, industrial agriculture, illegal resource extraction, and the unmeasured impacts of global climate change. In the absence of proper research, planning and land-use policies, development trends in Osa are poised to threaten the region’s rich ecosystems while providing few lasting benefits to local communities.

The Osa is at a critical juncture. Appropriate small-scale development must be balanced with sound environmental practices to provide sustainable social and economic opportunities. Now more than ever, there is a pressing need to work together to establish a regional strategy for sustainable development and biodiversity protection in the face of these challenges. Osa Conservation’s efforts are focused on supporting these efforts and carrying out a vision for the long-term health and viability of Osa’s habitats, people and wildlife.